Operating Guidelines Station 43
VEHICLE RESCUE RESPONSE
Date of Issue: 1-1-98
Effective Date: 1-31-98
Developed By: Earl Obelenus
Issued by Authority of:
Earl Obelenus, Fire Chief
To establish a standard
operating guideline for response to a motor vehicle accident.
All fire department personnel.
Fire officers are responsible
to coordinate motor vehicle rescue operations in concert with local EMS
and law enforcement agencies. Fire officers will establish rescue objectives
which do not conflict with emergency medical care.
Firefighters will perform
tasks to accomplish these objectives.
Vehicle rescue incidents
can occur at any time. Since every incident is not the same, a clear cut
chain of command and clearly defined objectives must be established to
facilitate a quick, safe rescue. The fire departments major areas of involvement
will be hazard control, stabilization, extrication and support services
such as lighting and traffic control.
1. On all motor vehicle
accidents that Emgine43 responds to a minimum crew of 3 (three) firefighters
2. Upon approaching the
scene, the officer on Engine 43 will establish communications with EMS,
police and other responding apparatus, providing an initial assessment.
The officer should take into consideration the possible presence of hazardous
materials and downed power lines.
3. Apparatus should be positioned
to provide minimum disruption of traffic flow. Warning lights will remain
on during the entire operation . Highway fusses or plastic
drop warning signs, which are on Engine43 will be utilized to warn oncoming
traffic. Fusses and all apparatus should be positioned far enough away
from any potential sources of ignition. Engine should be staged past the
accident ,approximately 75’ to allow a complete size-up of scene.
4. Once the apparatus
is positioned, the engine officer will make an on-site assessment and assume
command until a chief officer arrives and is briefed by the officer as
to the status of incident. The following objectives shall be considered
when deploying personnel; hazard and traffic control, vehicle stabilization,
gaining access to patients, extrication, patient removal, and removal of
wreckage. The cargo storage portion of the vehicle( trunk, pickup truck
box, van body or trailer ) will be inspected for hazardous materials.
5. All personnel will wear
full protective clothing, including eye protection. Latex gloves will be
worn under fire service gloves if there is a possibility of B&B exposure.
Before entering the “hot zone” all personnel will give the accountability
officer their accountability tag and retrieve tag when leaving area.
6. An equipment staging
area will be established where all vehicle rescue equipment will be deployed.
This area should be in relative close proximity to the rescue without causing
any unusual hazards.
7. Light will be provided
through the onboard fire apparatus Lighting and portable lighting.
8. Initially a BC fire extinguisher
will be taken to the wreckage site. Once the fire potential is evaluated
by the officer, a charged hose line, no smaller than 11/2” will be placed
in service with the firefighters wearing full protective clothing and SCBA.
This line will remain deployed until the incident is terminated.
9. Should the scope of the
rescue be beyond the capabilities of on site resources, the incident commander
will request the dispatch of additional fire, rescue or EMS through the
box assignment system.
10. Through the use of the
incident command system (ICS) the ranking fire department officer
will assume command of the rescue operation. The chief EMS officer will
provide input to the IC and coordinate the delivery of emergency medical
11. All activities related
up to the removal of the patient from the wreckage will be the responsibility
of the rescue team. EMS personnel will be allowed access to the patient
once the hazards are controlled and the vehicle is stabilized.
12. Once the patients are
removed, the rescue crew will remain until such time as the wreckage
is removed or relieved by the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction.
13. The engine officer or
his designee will insure that all insurance information is gathered at
the scene. If this is impossible or impractical, upon returning to the
station, he insures that this information is acquired from the EMS or law
14. Upon returning to the
station, the apparatus and portable equipment will be cleaned and
serviced as required. Any equipment damaged or broken will be set aside
and tagged OOS (out of service) and a note will be placed on the board.
15. A brief critique of
the incident should be done to see what, if any problems occurred.
VI. SUPERSEDED GUIDELINES
This is a new guideline
on this subject matter and does not supersede any memo or guideline on
this subject matter.